Canadian philosopher Charles Taylor addresses the question of secularization in his massive book A Secular Age , which developed out of his 1999 Gifford Lectures at Edinburgh. Without a dramatic reversal of the increasing cultural autonomy of the individual, secularization is irreversible. – Taken from Bryan Wilson, Secularization and its Discontents in his Religion in Sociological Perspective . The Impact of Modernization and Secularization on Individual Religiosity Technology renders prayer redundant, and they are no longer needed. In a secularized society religion will have no influence on any aspect of life. The Secularization of Priests During Spanish Period . James Beckford (2003) provides a detailed analysis of clusters of ideas about secularization. A secularized society will focus on nature and … ADVERTISEMENTS: Secularization Essay: Useful Essay on Secularization! Secularization & Church / State Separation . A practical consequence of secularization is the separation of church and state - in fact, the two are so closely associated that they are almost interchangeable in practice, with people often using the phrase "separation of church and state" rather when they mean secularization. “counter-secularization” (1999:3). In fact, secularization operates at different levels- for instance societal level secularization is not necessarily linked to secularization on the level of individual consciousness. Causes of Secularisation •Social differentiation –roles previously played by religious institutions are taken over by other institutions ie the State These are: differentiation, Being an ancient belief of some ancient Greek and Roman p It is the exclusion or rejection of religion from political or civil affairs of the state. 3. The Opening of the Suez Canal. From this it follows that secularization has not terminated religion but ushers in a change in the concept of religion (K¨ose, 2006, p. 12–14). Secularism is the separation of state and religion. It was built by a French engineer named Ferdinand de Lesseps. Religion, Secularization and Modernity abandoned, not because they are discovered to be false, but because they are no longer needed. In simple terms, secularization in RCT occurs not as a consequence of modernization, but due to competition for attention from secular services and provision of unattractive products by the monopoly of religious providers, which results in a decreased use of religious “goods.” Recent formulations of secularization theory have secularization, new religious conceptions have appeared, and religion has under-gone a formal change. Secularization is a term used by sociologists to refer to a process by which the overarching and transcendent religious system of old is reduced in modern functionally differentiated societies to a subsystem alongside other subsystems, losing in this process its … Technology renders prayer redundant, and as a post-capitalist society emerges, religion, no less than the state, will wither away. Fundamentally, ‘secularization means the process by which sectors of society are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols’ (Berger, 1967). The process indicates the decline in the religious permeation of other social institutions. A secularized society is one that will show a decline in the interest in religion. In the stable affluent democracies of the West, the individual asserts the rights of the sovereign … Secularization: A process whereby a society becomes secular. The difficulty in defining secularization is that it is dependent upon the definition of religion, which has itself been notoriously difficult to define. We sought to investigate the nature, causes and effects of school violence in four South African high schools. The Suez Canal, which connected the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, was inaugurated in 1869. The secularization paradigm argues that the decline of religion in the West is an unintended consequence of a variety of complex social changes known as modernization.