They depict it as a city grown rich on the proceeds of the spice trade. Zamzam water mixed with rose perfume is splashed on the floor and is wiped with palm leaves. Undefined decorations, money and a pair of ram's horns were recorded to be inside the Kaaba,. The Kaaba surrounded by pilgrims during the hajj, Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Each pilgrim who undertakes the Hajj circles the shrine seven times, touching the Black Stone for forgiveness. The Black Stone is said to have been given to the patriarch Abraham by the Archangel Gabriel. The interior contains nothing but the three pillars supporting the roof and a number of suspended silver and gold lamps. Setting aside any tribal feuds, they would worship their gods in the Kaaba and trade with each other in the city. A statue of Hubal (the principal idol of Mecca) and statues of other pagan deities are known to have been placed in or around the Kaaba. Since he lived in tents, he built that place for the worship of God and for the offering of sacrifices. In the Qur'an, the Ka'bah is also mentioned by the following names: The masjid surrounding the Kaaba is called al-Masjid al-Haram ("The Sacred Mosque"). Mecca is so significant to Muslims that the word has come to be commonly used for any place that attracts a …  The iconography in the Kaaba also included paintings of other prophets and angels. [Quran 22:26–33], According to Islamic tradition, over the millennia after Ishmael's death, his progeny and the local tribes who settled around the Zamzam well gradually turned to polytheism and idolatry. ['Ata'] said: "Yes, there was set in it a picture of Maryam adorned (muzawwaqan); in her lap, her son Isa sat adorned. Kaaba, also spelled Kaʿbah, small shrine located near the centre of the Great Mosque in Mecca and considered by Muslims everywhere to be the most sacred spot on Earth. Learn kaaba with free interactive flashcards. Several rituals were adopted in the pilgrimage including doing naked circumambulation. The keys to the Kaaba are held by the Banī Shaybah (Arabic: بني شيبة) tribe, an honor bestowed upon them by Muhammad. Tradition holds that it was originally a simple unroofed rectangular structure. In 624 CE, Muslims believe the direction of the qibla was changed from the Masjid al-Aqsa to the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, with the revelation of Surah 2, verse 144. The building has a mosque built around it, the Masjid al-Haram.  Muhammad's Isra' is said to have taken him from the Kaaba to the Masjid al-Aqsa and heavenwards from there. 'Cleaning of the Sacred Cube').  Circumambulation was often performed naked by men and almost naked by women. Each numbered item in the following list corresponds to features noted in the diagram image. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Located in the eastern corner of the Kaaba is the Black Stone of Mecca, whose now-broken pieces are surrounded by a ring of stone and held together by a heavy silver band. a cube-shaped building in Mecca, the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine, into which is built the black stone believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham. Preparations for the washing start a day before the agreed date, with the mixing of Zamzam water with several luxurious perfumes including Tayef rose, 'oud and musk.  To maintain peace among the perpetually warring tribes, Mecca was declared a sanctuary where no violence was allowed within 30 kilometres (20 mi) of the Kaaba. When the idol was moved inside the Kaaba, it had seven arrows in front of it, which were used for divination.  G. E. von Grunebaum states: "Mecca is mentioned by Ptolemy. The Qurʾān says of Abraham and Ishmael that they “raised the foundations” of the Kaaba. 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