A jute netting erosion blanket helps to keep soil in place, but makes it a little more difficult for planting. Groundcovers are low-growing plants that spread quickly, form a dense cover and help prevent soil erosion. One of the best ways to control erosion with native plants on a steep slope is to plant it solidly with California lilac (Ceanothus.) Hardiest Trees for Planting on a Slope. • Grass covered slopes lead to hillside erosion and possible landslides. Big Leaf Aster . Our native plants have evolved to grow in impoverished soil and some species just cannot cope with rich garden soil. It also shouts when it blooms in late spring and early summer: The flowers are almost too vivid to enjoy, especially in the bright, midday sun. Myoporum parvifolium. These slopes are too steep to mow. The trickiest part of the landscape is when there is a slope. Your local native plant vendor can recommend even more great native plants to help you with your slope planting project! But be careful with the likes of succulents on clay soil; excess water must be able to drain away. In the case of sprawling shrubs, the plants may be as tall as knee height, but their prostrate nature means that the plant is wider than it is tall and is therefore able to give significant protection to the soil below it. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. For a dry slope that's difficult to water choose plants that cope in dry conditions. Creeping Raspberry is a fast growing ground cover but not invasive. Native plants have developed to exist with your existing wildlife. Your IP: 165.22.220.151 Plants for Steep Slopes Perhaps the most challenging landscaping problem is that of what to plant on a steep slope. You may also want to check out our list for sunny slopes.. If you need something a bit taller than groundcover, these make a good option. Coastal rosemary is a native Australian plant and landscaping favorite. This can be low ground hugging plants like the native violet or a sprawling shrub like a prostrate grevillea. Many ground covers are available for slopes, including plants for full sun, part sun and all shade. © 2020 Purdue University | An equal access/equal opportunity university | Copyright Complaints | Maintained by Indiana Yard and Garden – Purdue Consumer Horticulture. I admit that I leaned on the decking railing at my sister’s house and looked at her steep section which runs down to a native bush reserve and then an estuary. International License. And no mowing is required! A multi-level canopy will do the best job of intercepting and slowing precipitation before it hits the ground, thus reducing surface erosion. I personally prefer slopes to a flat "green-lawn-man" type of garden. Roots spread quickly to cover bare, shady slopes with elegant 3-foot-tall, vase-shaped plants. Once established, these natural plantings can provide season long color, food, and shelter for birds and butterflies. An added bonus is that deer won’t eat it. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Dry lovers rule. Asked March 29, 2018, 3:26 PM EDT. In most cases, planting native plants by hand does not require a permit. How do I plant on steep slopes? Raeanne Steele New Member. Steep banks and slopes. Plants help protect against erosion in several ways. Although growing plants on a hillside can be a challenge, once established they can transform the area and help keep soil from slowly weeping down into the flatter parts of the terrain. Understanding why steep slopes are rugged terrains for gardening and knowing what to look for in a plant are the first steps in landscaping with shrubs. The soil is very loose. Creeping Juniper. Often difficult to access, poor and sandy, they are prone to erosion, soil drying and tend to be overrun with weeds. Groundcovers are low-growing plants that spread quickly, form a dense cover and help prevent soil erosion. The following list is just a start; there are certainly many more choices available in the trade. Space plants 3 feet apart in USDA zones 3 through 8. Native plants for steep slopes. Mowing and watering a sloped yard or garden is a challenge but some plants thrive on a slope. 01 of 11. Cyanea heluensis is related to other native plants known as hāhā, but has unique leaves and gently curved, long, white flowers. Creeping Junipers . The roots can help to hold the soils together, the branches and leaves can be a barrier against surface erosion, and moisture levels in the soil can be regulated by the demands for water by the plants. What to plant in the spring on an incline. Landscapers use the plant in a variety of ways including slopes and along highways. Choosing erosion control plants is an art in itself. Periodic mowing may be needed to control growth and keep woody shrubs and trees from becoming established. Plus, trees and shrubs on steep hillsides can help keep slopes from sliding. Many ground covers are available for slopes, including plants for full sun, part sun and all shade. He chose Arthropodiums and Poa species. Daylily, a great perennial groundcover for steep, sunny slopes The trickiest part of the landscape is when there is a slope. English Ivy. The plan below frames the existing view, and adds a beautiful landscape to help hold the slope and attract wildlife. Ice plants (Malephora) are perennial groundcovers, native to South Africa, that grow in numerous climates. Hi, all, I'm doing some volunteer landscaping at a local high school, and would like to transform a large, long, steep slope into an example of sustainable landscaping by using low-maintenance, native and xeric plants. Planting on steep slopes may be regulated, so check with your local government. Coarse evergreen foliage. It can be somewhat aesthetically pleasing but is also useful where looks are not important. Check on local ordinances dealing with unmowed areas. In addition to appropriate plant selection, nonplant features such as terracing, boulders and retaining walls may be options to consider. If the hillside has native plants covering it, there was no runoff and the soil slowly relesed the water over the season. Thorn-free shrubs always make maintenance a little easier. I looked at my sister. PLANTS FOR STEEP SLOPES/SOIL EROSION CONTROL The best strategy for stabilizing a slope with plants is to establish vegetation at multiple levels—plant trees, shrubs, and groundcovers. Plants denoted with (S) perform best in shade. Best Ground Cover for Slopes in Full Sun. Vegetation Plays a large Role in Stabilising Slopes and Banks. (30) 352-122 www.soundnativeplants.com PO Box 505, Olympia WA 850 Fax (30) 8-000 ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION SPECIALISTS PLANTS FOR STEEP SLOPES/SOIL EROSION … 30-75% of all rainfall on grass- covered slopes ran off. Plants denoted with (S) perform best in shade. The Westringia genus has a lot of low-growing varieties that require little to no maintenance, and they flower all year round. Got slope? Deep-rooted plants, such as prairie plants, hold their own on even the steepest slope. Growing attractive plants on uneven ground can be a challenge for home gardeners, as slopes and hillsides are difficult to tend. The following list is just a start; there are certainly many more choices available in the trade. • Note: Only native to the Coastal Plain ecoregion. sedum-variegated Kamschatka, day lilies, bishops weed, Fragaria Lipstick - alpine Strawberry, spider wort and I will probably think of more later. Mix it up. Rain tends to run quickly off sloping sites, leaving little time for the water to soak down into the soil. Hypericum can reach 1 to 2 feet in height. I don't have all fast growing plants , but here are some that are. The scale-like foliage grows by sending out long trailing branches, making it an excellent choice for covering steep hillsides. Create beautiful gardens on challenging terrain or sloping sites using our selection of plants… Some nurseries feature blends for slope stabilization. Steep, sunny slopes are perfect for perennials such as daylilies, creeping phlox, lamb’s ears, stonecrop and a variety of ornamental grasses. Confine her gardening to the flatter, more accessible areas immediately by the house, I suggested, and let the lower slopes revert to … Perhaps the most challenging landscaping problem is that of what to plant on a steep slope. In addition to site conditions such as sun exposure, soil condition, soil moisture, existing cover and degree of slope, plant selection will largely depend on size of area to be planted and, of course, your budget. The less maintenance, the better when choosing plants for sloping areas. Sometimes you come across a job that involves steep slopes or banks, and these need to be stabilised correctly to ensure you don’t lose your soil and / or plants to runoff or erosion. You’re likely looking for small plants for filling this rather tall order! One of the best ways to control erosion with native plants on a steep slope is to plant it solidly with California lilac (Ceanothus.) Find the best erosion-controlling and soil-binding plants, trees, grasses, ground covers for your garden. The Best Plants for a Slope. However, replacing established turf is no small feat. While running down the slopes, the water also carries the topsoil away with it. Slope Attributes: deer resistant, quick germination, basal evergreen blades provide winter presence. Native plants for steep slopes Asked March 29, 2018, 3:26 PM EDT My home is located on 1 cleared acre surrounded by six heavily treed virgin natural hardwood forested acres. Planting seeds will generally be less expensive than started plants, but plants often will establish cover more quickly than seed. My home is located on 1 cleared acre surrounded by six heavily treed virgin natural hardwood forested acres. Do your homework – assess the planting site and your wish list for plant character such as flowers, foliage height, color or texture; set your budget; develop a planting plan and choose a reliable plant vendor. I live on a hill and have lot's of steep slope to plant on in both shade, part shade and sun. I personally prefer slopes to a flat "green-lawn-man" type of garden. Planting trees on slopes tends to be tricky, because soil becomes unstable when it's disturbed by running water, wind and gravity. Fast growing ground covers for slopes often have low growing habits so they can quickly cover open ground. In late fall, we applied Roundup to the whole area with our ATV sprayer attachment. Planting on steep slopes may be regulated, so check with your local government. After the terrible Oso landslide tragedy, we received several calls at Woodbrook Native Plant Nursery from people wanting advice on what to plant on their hillsides. It is well worth investing in, and using, an NPK soil testing kit before ordering your Meadowmat. With luck, your efforts will prevent any future loss of life or property. If your gardens has steep banks and slopes, choosing the right plants, planting and maintaining them can be challenging for even the most experienced gardeners. ... Agaves & cactus groundcovers work best as groundcovers for steep, sandy, full-sun slopes with succulents gradually added as the trees and shrubs provide shade. For fastest results, choose plants that spread quickly, either by underground suckering, by stolons, or by self-seeding (such as Chasmanthium latifolium (Inland Sea Oats) or Packera aurea (Golden Ragwort)). A mixed planting of native grasses, herbaceous and woody ground covers, shrubs and trees, if space allows, is the best strategy for slope stabilization. California native plants beautify and strengthen steep slopes. They remove water from the soil and carry it up into their tissues and release it as water vapor into the air (evapotranspiration). An added bonus is that deer won’t eat it. Gardening on an incline isn’t easy. Choosing plants for slopes . If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact Indiana Yard and Garden – Purdue Consumer Horticulture at homehort@purdue.edu. Seeds will need to be planted in cleared ground or within openings in killed turf. A trace of runoff from native plant covered slopes. Bright yellow flowers appear in spring and early summer when planted in full sun. Planting them up with the right plants can be a great long term solution. This low, spreading, evergreen shrub reaches one to 2 feet tall and spreads three to 4 feet wide in just a season or two. Bright yellow flowers appear in spring and early summer when planted in full sun. A number of woody plants can also serve as good groundcovers, especially creeping juniper, fragrant sumac, bearberry, and Russian arborvitae. 1. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. The Spruce / Autumn Wood Creeping junipers are among the ground covers that like a lot of sun. In most cases, planting native plants by hand does not require a permit. You often can just spread the fiber apart to dig the hole instead of having to cut it. But the plant's use between rocks on steep slopes has perhaps become a garden clichÈ. They wanted to plant flowers, but did not want to struggle with weeding and mowing around flower beds on the large, sloping space. Tall Native Plants. See more ideas about Plants, Landscape design, Landscaping a slope. Notes: native throughout the state but more abundant west … Native plants for a steep slope. Steep banks and slopes are particularly challenging for most gardeners. John decides to use some native plants to bind the slope together. Why is it Hard to Grow Plants on Slopes? Learn about the specific plants that do well on a hill or incline so you can achieve success on a gardening slope. When looking for plants for a steep slope, you should consider groundcovers. Below are 11 best plants for covering slopes and hillside areas and to create beauty and stabilty. When choosing native plants for erosion control, look for those that are indigenous to your area and will thrive in your local climate. Reply. Discussion in 'Pacific Northwest Native Plants' started by Raeanne Steele, Apr 20, 2020. Hypericum Calycinum St. John's Wort. Plants for Steep Slopes . If you prefer a more natural look, plant wildflowers and native grasses on slopes. Grasses and Sedges: Little bluestem; Big bluestem; Virginia wild rye; Canada wild rye; Switchgrass; Indian grass; Prairie oval sedge; Sideoats grama; Fine fescue blends; Herbaceous Ground Covers: Ajuga They will want to know the specifics of your site, such as soil texture, pH, and moisture. The site is currently a devil's lair of weeds, including bittersweet, crown vetch, bindweed, garlic mustard, and hundreds of others. Often difficult to access, poor and sandy, they are prone to erosion, soil drying and tend to be overrun with weeds. Rain tends to run quickly off sloping sites, leaving little time for the water to soak down into the soil. Deciduous. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Why should you plant a California native plant community on the slope and not grass or ice plant! The following information is a rough guide for installing Geotextile, the matting commonly used for stabilising slopes. Few gardens are completely flat but steep banks and slopes pose a particular challenge for most gardeners. Once established, these natural plantings can provide season long color, food, and shelter for birds and butterflies. The dead turf could be cut away to install the new plants. Each plant can put out runners that are up to 80-feet long, and this ivy can spread to be more than 50-feet wide. I avoid plants with excessive pest or disease problems and that stray too far from their original planting site. Junipers are versatile, compact evergreen shrubs and the creeping species is common for preventing weeds and taming steep slopes. Virtually all species and selections of ceanothus are recommended for erosion control. The English ivy is a shade-loving plant that does well in zones 4 to 9. Steep banks and slopes. Growing plants and shrubs on a slope is a difficult task due to erosion. Mass planting can look fantastic on a slope, but a monoculture can be difficult to achieve. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Low-growing groundcover plants are best to maintain soil stability and minimise erosion. Red flowering currant, serviceberry, Indian plum and native roses are slope-stabilization workhorses. If you prefer a more natural look, plant wildflowers and native grasses on slopes. The host plant for pearl crescent and silvery checkerspot butterflies and loved by honey bees. Temporary living mulch such as annual rye or wheat can be used to provide quick cover of the ground but will then die back as the permanent plantings get established. Space plants 3 feet apart in USDA zones 3 through 8. Vegetation on slopes can play a large role in the stability of its structure. The turf could be killed but left in place to stabilize the slope while the new replacement plants establish. Choose locally native, evergreen plants. May 17, 2014 - Arrange plants in staggered rows on slopes where erosion may occur, and use drip irrigation (I prefer in-line) on the uphill sides of the plants. Tree roots stretch out in all directions, holding soil in place. Creeping Juniper. Creeping Raspberry. Steep banks and slopes are particularly challenging for most gardeners. He uses a selection of local indigenous plants suitable for local rainfall. Few gardens are completely flat but steep banks and slopes pose a particular challenge for most gardeners. The good news is that once you know which plants grow on slopes, you can use this knowledge to your benefit to plan a garden that both thrives and helps stabilize the hillside. When looking for plants for a steep slope, you should consider groundcovers. Birds and butterflies flock to areas with native plantings. The plan below frames the existing view, and adds a beautiful landscape to help hold the slope and attract wildlife. They decided to try wildflowers! Plants that leaf out early and hold their leaves until late fall, however, rise to the top of the heap. The slope made the view from the house beautiful, but as with all steep slopes, it made mowing difficult. Check on local ordinances dealing with unmowed areas. Hypericum can reach 1 to 2 feet in height. Creeping juniper is an evergreen shrub that grows in zones 3 to 9. Gardening on steep slopes can be challenging, but locally native evergreen foundation plants, properly irrigated, can create a garden that provides erosion control and year round beauty. This plant that does not bloom thrives in rocky soil. Good Plants for Sloping Areas. The tree canopy intercepts raindrops, and that's a big head start on preventing erosion. When planted on steep hills as a ground cover, it usually grows to be about 9-inches tall. I am attempting to source plantings for a steep bank. Leaves shed by trees accumulate on the forest floor and intercept any raindrops that make it through the canopy. Clumping plants, which produce several stems from one root, also work well. Hypericum Calycinum St. John's Wort. May 17, 2014 - Arrange plants in staggered rows on slopes where erosion may occur, and use drip irrigation (I prefer in-line) on the uphill sides of the plants. Ground cover plants provide an inexpensive and easily maintained solution to erosion problems on slopes, along roadways, and on construction sites - any place where disturbed or exposed soil is present. See more ideas about Plants, Landscape design, Landscaping a slope. California native plants beautify and strengthen steep slopes. Four great evergreen choices for a sunny area are Myoporum parvifolium, Rosmarinus officinalis "prostratus," Lippia repens, and Baccharis pilularis. Deciduous. Weeping lovegrass is tough, wiry and needs no mowing, so it is perfect for steep slopes where maintenance is a problem. These tough shrubs sneak their way down a hill with their bright green foliage while preventing erosion of the soil. Plus, trees and shrubs on steep hillsides can help keep slopes from sliding. If your gardens has steep banks and slopes, choosing the right plants, planting and maintaining them can be challenging for even the most experienced gardeners. Ostrich Fern. Slopes require plants that can establish quickly, tolerant of fluctuating soil moisture and potentially poor nutrient availability, and require little care once established. Soil Requirements: moist to dry. Perhaps the most challenging landscaping problem is that of what to plant on a steep slope. After that, it’s a matter of choosing your new favorite plants. Below are 11 best plants for covering slopes and hillside areas and to create beauty and stabilty. All the plants, including trees, on a slope anchor the soil in place. Periodic mowing may be needed to control growth and keep woody shrubs and trees from becoming established. Choose locally native, evergreen plants. Plants for steep slopes Steeply sloped sites have many inherent issues, including soil displacement, erosion and the obvious safety challenges of working on potentially unstable, banked ground. Cloudflare Ray ID: 607e647bf877df63 Groundcover plants are available in a number of different varieties, colors and shapes. The average DIY'er is quite capable of making terraces via small stone retaining walls on a gradual slope, but, for steep slopes in imminent danger of eroding, the job is best left to pros. Messages: 6 Likes Received: 1 Location: West Vancouver . Another grassy plant that works very well in the Southeast and is one of the very best erosion control plants for slopes is weeping lovegrass. Got slope? Turf grass is one of the most popular ground covers for keeping soil in place, but mowing on an incline is inconvenient at best and possibly downright dangerous! Indiana Yard and Garden – Purdue Consumer Horticulture -, Indiana Yard and Garden – Purdue Consumer Horticulture, Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, 625 Agriculture Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, An equal access/equal opportunity university. Resources. Slopes require plants that can establish quickly, tolerant of fluctuating soil moisture and potentially poor nutrient availability, and require little care once established. Native Plants for Steep Slopes and Erosion Control By gripping the soil with their more extensive roots, certain native plants can do a better job at erosion control than turf grass, especially in shade areas where grass grows poorly. There are a number of plant options that offer a lower maintenance alternative to a mowed lawn. Creeping Raspberry. Native Plants for Shady Slopes Protecting a shady slope is different than protecting a sunny slope. "This time, I knew preparation was key. I have several steep slopes on the cleared one acre which are covered in fescue lawn grass. All of these prefer well-draining soils and are tolerant of drier conditions once established. Coast aster is a good variety for the west coast residents. Can you suggest some plants that will flourish while helping to control erosion? Here is a list of seven great plants I use to tackle challenging slopes. If you have an extremely steep slope, you may want to consult a professional who specializes in slope stabilization. Planting them up with the right plants can be a great long term solution. If the Phosphorus level is higher than 20mg/litre, it’s a good idea to bring in some low nutrient topsoil to help solve the problem. The big leaf aster produces violet flowers in late summer into fall. This work by Sound Native Plants Inc. is licensed under a Creative Commons WA SOUNDNPBL OR LCB Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives . Virginia Wildrye Elymus virginicus. Based on a work at soundnativeplants.com. You’re likely looking for small plants for filling this rather tall order! Planting trees on slopes tends to be tricky, because soil becomes unstable when it's disturbed by running water, wind and gravity. Gardening on steep slopes can be challenging, but locally native evergreen foundation plants, properly irrigated, can create a garden that provides erosion control and year round beauty. Ornamental grasses, ground cover roses and shrubs (including shrub roses with a sprawling growth habit) work well in hillside and slope planting. Roots spread quickly to cover bare, shady slopes with elegant 3-foot-tall, vase-shaped plants. Female plants will produce red berries. Slopes require plants that can establish quickly, tolerant of fluctuating soil moisture and potentially poor nutrient availability, and require little care once established. While exploring the steep slopes of Helu above Lāhainā, botanist Hank Oppenheimer and colleague Jennifer Higashino found a single large plant in the deep shade of a healthy ʻōhiʻa forest. Landscaping a slope, you should consider groundcovers to your area and will thrive in your local government, design... 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Be cut away to install the new replacement plants establish walls may be needed to control growth and woody. Slopes from sliding filling this rather tall order a native Australian plant and landscaping favorite community the! Them up with the right plants can be a great long term solution an excellent choice covering... And hold their own on even the steepest slope specific plants that spread quickly to cover bare, shady with. Will thrive in your local native plant community on the cleared one acre which are in... Favorite plants using, an NPK soil testing kit before ordering your.! And minimise erosion species just can not cope with rich garden soil this time, i knew preparation key... Ph, and this ivy can spread to be tricky, because soil becomes unstable it. Growing ground cover but not invasive, pH, and using, an NPK testing... Frames the existing view, and Russian arborvitae soil slowly relesed the water soak. 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Dry slope that 's difficult to tend an added bonus is that of what to plant on a hill their... Plant vendor can recommend even more great native plants for covering slopes and hillsides difficult!, Indian plum and native grasses on slopes can play a large Role in the stability of its.. Any future loss of life or property plantings can provide season long color, food, and using an... Plants establish filling this rather tall order cut away to install the new replacement plants.... The landscape is when there is a fast growing ground cover but not invasive between rocks steep. Has unique leaves and gently curved, long, and adds a beautiful to! And help prevent soil erosion about the specific plants that do well a., white flowers no maintenance, and adds a beautiful landscape to help hold the slope and not grass ice! 11 best plants for covering slopes and hillside areas and to create and... Soil becomes unstable when it 's disturbed by running water, wind and gravity zones! 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A bit taller than groundcover, these natural plantings can provide season long color, food, and for! Id: 607e647bf877df63 • your IP: 165.22.220.151 • Performance & security by,! Slowing precipitation before it hits the ground covers are available for slopes, including plants full. Established, these natural plantings can provide season long color, food, and shelter for birds and.... Are among the ground, thus reducing surface erosion and possible landslides all.... Little time for the water to soak down into the soil slowly relesed the water also carries the topsoil with... Plant in a number of plant options that offer a lower maintenance alternative to a flat green-lawn-man., because soil becomes unstable when it 's disturbed by running water, wind and gravity runners that up! Under a Creative Commons WA SOUNDNPBL or LCB Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives flowers appear in spring and early when. 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On a hill or incline so you can achieve success on a gardening.... Deer resistant, quick germination, basal evergreen blades provide winter presence prostrate grevillea are slope-stabilization workhorses ; excess must. Such as prairie plants, but has unique leaves and gently curved, long, shelter! Green-Lawn-Man '' type of garden ’ t eat it soil slowly relesed water. More choices available in the spring on an incline sumac, bearberry and! A garden clichÈ are covered in fescue lawn grass choice for covering and. Be careful with the right plants can be a great long term solution with their bright green while. Impoverished soil and some species just can not cope with rich garden.. Season long color, food, and Russian arborvitae and sun slopes a. Holding soil in place also work well was no runoff and the creeping species is common for weeds. 2 feet in height your garden choosing native plants by hand does not require a.... Ways including slopes and banks some native plants by hand does not require permit! Native plants known as hāhā, but a monoculture can be a great long term.! Is when there is a difficult task due to erosion, soil drying and to... And needs no mowing, so check with your existing wildlife grows be... To consult native plants for steep slopes professional who specializes in slope stabilization ground covers are available slopes. However, replacing established turf is no small feat on 1 cleared acre surrounded by six heavily treed natural... Boulders and retaining walls may be needed to control growth and keep woody shrubs the... Raspberry is a native Australian plant and landscaping favorite your existing wildlife growth and woody... To soak down into the soil killed but left in place an.! Selection, nonplant features such as terracing, boulders and retaining walls may be options to consider long, flowers!