Lovely Ogbono soup, this is exactly how I make mine,except that I use red meat and Thank you. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Ogbono soup has a mucilaginous ( slimy) texture, similar to okra soup. Ozoni お雑煮 is a special miso-based soup enjoyed in the morning on New Year’s Day in Japan. So help me God. I sincerely appreciate your help. This soup is actually easy to prepare because almost all of its ingredients could be prepared by traders in the market, making it very easy for the cook. how do i cook the goat meet beofre hand to put it in the ogbono when i am preparing it. Yes you can. Ogbono soup is our traditional soup we don’t cover the soup after u put your ogbonor so the soup doesn’t get watery and lose ability to draw well y dishing,so pls don’t cover ur draw soup…..proudly Edo, Katie, I like your name. Hubby swallowed a morsel of Eba n said this is World Cup Qualified! At this stage , you will notice the change in the aroma of the soup. Then add the boiled dry fish, stock fish, assorted meat , stock cube, pepper, the ground crayfish and salt to taste. You can add minced onions if you like(. From top: Stockfish head, ground ogbono seed, assorted meat, dried catfish and bitter leaves (Onugbu). keep it up! Hello Sister. It is made with wild African mango seed and super easy to cook. So whatever choice you make, here’s an easy recipe for you to try…Enjoy. And hope to hear more from you Eunny , Thanks for taking the time to comment Eunny A long cooking time and savory ingredients mean this soup is pretty darn rich. Currently,however, this lifestyle is being threatened. I am madly in love with draw soup. I never fried ogbono cos i believe it will get burn .. the method you start with is ok for heating the oil and the ogbono ..but what i do most time is i put the blended ogono with oil in a steel plate then place it an hot water or place the steel plate in the meat while boiling .. then secondly ..i never cover ogbono when cooking because it will me the soup more watery and it will reduce the draw . Here I share easy, tasty and mouth-watering recipes-. thanks and I'm sure you will get it right and enjoy it , with this recipe. Ask them for beef spice at the grocery store or local market, there are different brands. But as a typical Lagosian when I cook ogbono I love to add crab and Shaw’s. Thanks! Simmer for 1-2 minute and put of the heat. Banga Soup : Urhobo Isoko Banga Soup Recipe, Obe Ata Dindin : Nigerian Fried Pepper Stew, How to Cook Nigerian Egusi Soup(Ofe Egusi/Obe Efo Elegusi), Nigerian Fish Rolls recipe : How to make …,, 2 handful of Ogbono Seeds OR 3 handful ground Ogbono powder, Heat up the red palm oil in a clean dry pot until hot. den she heats it til everything dissolves. Thanks a bunch. Ogbono soup (draw soup) is one of the most popular soups in Nigeria. I just cooked this for the first time tonight for my Yoruba-Nigerian husband. It is usually made of meat stock, cheese, bread, and onions as well. * Nigerian Okra  Soup i love ogonna! This site rockz! These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. But first, what is French Onion soup? This technique would further reduce the bitter tastes and also soften the leaves. 1 cup of crayfish (ground) Please, what is wrong. Nice and easy method of cooking ogbono but i did not see you add pepper in the video, i guess it was an oversight though it was mentioned as one of the ingredients. * Nigerian Chicken Stew Will try this tonight….. I love the way my apartment smells. You are so sweet , I love ur blog. a true daughter of the edo soil. A case readily in sight is the issue of the Ogoni Bill of Rights which, among others, sought the remediation of Ogoniland and to restore its flora and fauna devastated after many decades of oil exploration and exploitation. I will definitely reduce the amount the next time, but everything else will remain the same. meats i will be using shaki dry cratfish and stockfish i was wondering if you can help. Do you like to blend with egusi or even stew As for the heavy /thick texture you have to make use of less liquid in your cooking. Dried fish * How to Cook Edikang Ikong Soup The taste of the ogbono will overpower it, don’t worry. Ever wanted to make plain and simple onion soup? it is the most beautiful cookbook I have ever seen. Ewedu is also there. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Stockfish head (medium size) A MOSOP statement reads:"The once-beautiful Ogoni countryside is no mo… Can you add coco yam? lol. I used cow leg, turkey leg, stock fish, and fresh tilapia. You. The yorubas will know what I mean by Shawa and Crabs after adding the offal. Thank you And remain blessed. 1) Cook the meat and drain the broth. you are trying!" But it is also common to see Ogbono soup cooked without vegetables. You will also find a video on making Nigerian Ogbono (ogbolo) soup at the bottom of this page. Despite this high population density, the extraordinaryfertility of the Niger delta has historically allowed the Ogoni to makea good living as subsistence farmers and fishing people. this soup is super i will try it tonight This is a plain soup without all the fancy additions of the typical French onion soup. I tried this out for the first time and it came out nice. And if starting with water is yet another method… Am I to let the water get boiled b4 adding d ogbono or I'm just to add it to the water at that instant…. its well enjoyed with pounded yam or soft eba. This is one of the first soup, after Okra soup, given to kids when trying to introduce them to Nigerian soups. Thanks for the good job you are doing. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously, Hi, I'm Nky-Lily Lete and welcome to my little space. Enter your comment…pls can I also use meat stock already seasoned with curry to make my ogbono? Serve Ogbono soup with Eba, fufu or semo. Here are all the ingredients for making Nigerian Ogbono soup, it would serve about 6×2 persons ( the remainder could be refrigerated for up to two weeks) after u have boiled ur chicken with all d seasons, u blend and then mix with mayonnaise. * Bitter leaf Soup (Ofe Onugbu)  Can of Campbell’s soup and ink Gift of Professor Walter M. and Nesta R. Spink, 1988/1.86 Subject matter The presence of Warhol’s signature on a genuine, seemingly banal, can of Campbell’s Pepper Pot soup elevates the piece and gives it credibility as a work of art, while paying homage to his infamous Campbell’s soup silk-screens. Senator Magnus Ngei Abe, candidate of All Progressives Congress (APC) in the Rivers South East Senatorial District re-run election has said without mincing words that he has made more sacrifice for the cause of Ogoni than many of those criticizing him. And trust me you are a life saver, Thanks Oyinda, you are so sweet, hope to see more of you here . Hi Nky, pls I'll like to know which is healthier, garri, semovita and semolina esp for someone that wants to shed weight. very elastic….. You should not use onions to boil your meat when making ogbolo soup, cos onion reduces the elasticity by the time it’s cool. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Assorted meat is always preferred above all other types of meats in Nigeria. , Cocoyam in ogbono soup? Soak the dry fish and stockfish with hot water for a few seconds, then wash. meshing it too. you are indeed a good cook. Nky Lily thank you so much. And yes I like a combination of ogbono and okra but my hubby seem to have issues with soup combos, he like straight soups, no combination. But, egusi has to be my favorite. Add more of the meat stock or water and leave to boil for 10 minutes; Stir the soup constantly so that it does not burn at the bottom. Pasta e Fagioli: White and red beans, ground beef, tomatoes and pasta in a savory broth. thank you so much for the recipes u have been sending to me> its helped me a grate deal. In mid-1992 he broadened the reach of the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People, an organization he led. 1 teaspoon of ogiri or ground dawadawa or okpei (local ingredients) (optional) I will definitely be making this again and again., Her name is Nky , I used to confuse them too since they both cook so well , but Nky takes the time to answer every comment in her blog, she is exceptional.xoxo, Thanks for your lovely feedback Addison,I`m glad u enjoyed it . for the lady who wanted a recipe on bread, u can do chicken mayo sandwich. just before you add the ground ogbono seeds. I love you. Assorted meat 1.5kg also afang, ekpakukwo, black soup. Thanks chy, Your site is very informative. You will  notice that it has become thicker and has a slimy texture(it has started to ”draw”) . Pls is the pepper a blended dry pepper. I love your recipes, I use them to improve my cooking and most times I wonder if I’m actually the one who cooked the food because it tastes perfect. Please keep sending more recipe to. Senator Abe said the Ogoni made him proud by their unflinching support and vote cast for him on the December 10 re-run election. It was very easy to follow and I'm sure that when I make it again it will be even better. Yes…i always add to mine….buh i prefer the steer fry method…where i fry the ogbono first to bring out the nutty aroma n flavor! We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Semovita/semolina is preferred to Garri, but should be eaten in moderation. Hi Lexy. What you see above is the video for making Nigerian Ogbono soup, I had to list all the ingredients used as well as a step by step detailed instruction for making this delicious Nigerian soup, Enjoy! Owo Soup – Oghwo Ofigbo | Ogwofibo Owo Ofibo served with boiled yam and plantain Owo is a traditional soup/sauce, native to the south – southern region of Nigerian (Benin-Bini, Urhobo, Delta, Itsekhiri, Ijaw, Isoko). Chy keep up the good cooking. Pls help meeeee. A big tnx to the Nigerian kitchen. Thanks for your sweet feedback, I’m so glad to be of help. Thanks I must say u’r a good cook…I will try it but will add okro to it thanks a million. to know d good ogolo seed, wen u pick a handul, its fresh and a bit cloudy but d bad ones are old and dark. Thanks, Thanks for you nice feedback Delight, hope you check out our new recipe here, Weldone Nky please how can I subscribe to this page for me to be able to access it anytime instead of searching on google always. Now your Ogbono soup is ready. Stir and allow to simmer for three minutes after adding the bitter leaves (as below). I use to heat the palm oil and dissolve the ogbono before cooking it. * How to Cook Nigerian Egusi Soup(Ofe Egusi/Obe Efo Elegusi). Hi Mya , so sorry for the late response, you just made my day hun. How To Make River State Native Soup. Fisherman soup (ogoni native soup) is like the king of all Nigeria soup, equally it is one of the most famous indigenous riverine delicacy usually prepared with enough catfish, crabs, prawns etc all comes together to make this delicious traditional soup. Chop spinach or bitter leaves and add them to the ogbono soup just before you serve it … Pls is there sandwish recipe? Warm up with these comforting bowls of goodness. Here is how to make Nigerian ogbolo or Ogbono soup. * Obe Ata Dindin : Nigerian Fried Pepper Stew This website uses cookies to improve your experience. ... Ogoni Group Kicks Against Resumption Of Exploration Activities in OML 11,... ken-23/01/2018 1. Have bin eager to make assorted ogbono soup for my husband all dis while but I ve no idea of how to go about it. red? I have been enjoying your recipes. I like the soup so much,I add uziza either the seed or the leaves,it adds ts own taste. I made this soup with bitter leaves you might want to boil the bitter leaves with water for ten to fifteen minutes. Tnks, Pls,I sincerely appreciate you but if want to use egusi and ogbono,how do I go about it.that's what I wana prepare now..waiting for your reply, here dearie Hi Noble. break the fish and remove the center bone. Also, thank you for the recipes, they have been a hit with the family. Kudos for a good job. I am following it to cook my ongoing soup now, what does dawadawa actually do in soups? i prepare exactly your way. Been wanting to make this soup particularly; now I can try. Mind you I love the egusi soup most. Ogbono soup is also my favorite Nigerian soup and I am not alone on that, my family tOo! 250ml of palm oil When adding spinach, I used leftover vegetable soup from the night before to prevent wasting it. Season the meat with a teaspoon of salt, half teaspoon of beef seasoning spice, a seasoning cube … As for the salt, feel free to adjust to taste and thanks for the feedback''nne well done '' . Once the meat is well cooked and the water is almost dried, add 5-7 cups of water to it. U Ogbono soup has a mucilaginous (slimy) texture, similar to okra soup. Ogbono can dissolve smoothly in hot water also: just add it to the pot of boiling meat and give it a few seconds while turning it at the same time and that will do. It falls into the category of ‘draw soup’ because of it’s slippery and slimy texture. Keep the good work up. **Slice the vegetables, grind the pepper and set aside. Fluted pumpkin (a bunch) * Nigerian Fish Stew (Obe Eja Tutu)  Thanks will b waiting for ur reply, Hi Opeyemi, if you are using a deasktop/laptop, there is a subscribe button at the top left corner(sidebar) of this page, but if using mobile, you can find it at the bottom of the page. My good friend Chiby Iroegbu is from Rivers State, Ikwerre to be precise, making her the easiest person to go to for an authentic recipe. Just made this oooo! SO proud of this dish. Fresh fish; Fresh Nigerian tiger prawns, crabs. I made ogbolo soup yesterday even my Hubby loved it. Thank you so much ma, i really appreciate. Tanx dear for ur fine ogbonno soup recipe. God bless you for taking it upon yourself to show us all these mouth-watering delicacies. Beautiful ,, I love this , right now am going to cook ogbono soup. Ese gun Auntie Flo. This is one of my favorite soups and I like to enjoy it with garri (eba). . I haven't tried that method before,but I know some people boil there ground ogbono instead of frying, maybe that is the method your friend uses. I cooked my Ogbono but it did not draw ! Although there is just very little difference between the two, the only difference is that one has better elasticity. keep it up, nice one katie. You made mention of ingredients like ogiri but in the process of preparation i never knew when you added it. I like to cook mine with vegetables, and sometimes combine it with melon ( egusi) seeds to get what is called … Sure, Kola, you can cover the pot after adding the ogbono. How To Survive Searing Heat Waves,Basic Tips – Lynda Ndunagu. nice recipe for ogbono soup. husband with eba and egusi all the time,lol.looking forward to Thanks a million for this site I’m loving it. he eats it in the morning n evening. Ogbono soup is one of the quickest Nigerian soups you can make. I don't dey embaras myself 4 kitchen. some said the oil is too hot and that fries out the slimy quality. Why Your Prescription Drugs Fail ? I blend with egusi together in the pot since plain ogbonno is not my thing. * How to Cook Okazi Soup (Ukazi Soup) So my question s ds, s there n actulay quantity of red oil required for a specific amount of ogbono or as much oil as ur heart desires? Yes! We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Just tried your ogbono recipe. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Please can I use ugwu and uziza leaves together? Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. do i have to peel the ogbonna seeds before milling? Atime, I add small egusi. You can add the pepper at any point in time, from when you added crayfish to when you added the leaves. Taste your soup. The Famous Native Soup of Rivers State And How To Prepare... ken-06/02/2018 0. (you can add more salt, pepper or seasoning cube). me. Here, you will learn how to make this delicious soup and why it falls into the list of Nigerian popular soups. Mbara Ewonubari Leton was born on August 11th, 1984 to Prof and Mrs Tambari Leton, she was the second child. And if so, at what point of the cooking process and how should I put it in? Or do they not cook Ogbono-soup with Pepper? Can I Add Dawadawa After Putting Everytin? Prefer mine with okro and ukwu. Aunty, thank you for this recipe. God bless u.. Nice i also make mine same way and somtimes i do add okro, I love it because it is a native food which contain all ingredients that is useful for body. Lete… Pls is Der any other method of preparing draw soup??? Tanks a lot for showing concern to our bellies, ma'm. Speaking at a grand reception organized for him by the people of Luubara community… Philly Cheesesteak Soup via The Cozy Apron Chilled Cucumber Soup via It’s Yummi Curried Pumpkin Soup with Bacon & Maple Onions via The Endless Meal French Onion Butternut Squash Soup via […] I’ve also tried your fried rice recipe but I use tumeric in place of curry and it was fantastic. While searching the web I have learned that there are over forty different soups that are eaten in Nigeria and there are probably about a hundred of other foods, the list would likely run into thousands if both fruits were counted. Below are the ingredients for making the popular native soup in River state Nigeria, like I always assert; the ingredients would serve about 6×2 people, you can increase or decrease the quantity of each ingredient depending on the number people would be eating your food. And urcur making me to be hungry, keep it on. Remember to stir in-between so you don't let it burn. I sent pics of my finished product to my aunts in Naija and received a couple of "nne well done. Let me show you how to make Ogbono soup. It is sold in most Nigerian markets and African shops, if you can get your hands on a good one it tastes nice in soups. * Nigerian Tomato Stew(Vegan Stew) Some people also add a little bit of edible potash just to hasten the whole process but I highly advise against this practice because it can change the texture of your soup thereby decreasing the nutritional value. Already salivating! Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. thank you i have learn another style of cooking ogbon soup. In making my ogbolo soup I add okro, My favorite draw soup. I always love all ur recipes cos it gives me more about Nig native soup……….I WANT SOME MORE. is this correct or could there be other factors responsible. You are the best. … Thank you Nky. Fantastic recipe. Heat palm oil in a saucepan and dissolve ground ogbono seeds. Add the cleaned dried fish and stockfish, 250ml of palm oil, ground crayfish. This can either be done at home or by the trader who sold it to you in the market (if you live in Nigeria). Wow! Thanks for your nice feedback,I’m glad it came out well. Ogbono Soup or Draw Soup, is a popular Nigerian soup recipe made with Ogbono Seeds (wild African bush mango seeds ). Another ingredient that has a direct effect on any Nigerian soup is the kind of dry fish used, I like to use the round dry cat fish. u will love it. cos it will lose its drawness later when its cold, I lov this site.I must say u r doin a great job.I’m goin to try ogbono today.I cooked edikaikong few days ago,my husbnd enjoyed it wt pounded yam.tks a million. i like your cooking method ma.since you love daddawa aroma i would like to introduce you to my arewa special made you will like it too i make it and sale. Can you use smoked shrimp instead of crayfish in this soup? salt and pepper to taste. LOL.. Don,t worry, we have all experienced some cooking fails too.One thing you should kno dearie is that,there should be moderation in everything you use, so next time use the amount of palm oil as directed in the recipe.But that aside, always make sure to use fresh ogbono, because ogbono can also lose its viscosity if it has been ground and left sitting in your cupboard for months and make sure you don't fry it too much before adding the stock, cos it can also get burnt and lose its''draw draw '' factor naa . A lot of folks use that, so feel free to do the same, but be aware that you won't get that unique taste that palm oil gives to our traditional soups , Great post dear, you rock and kill it. Off to do some research, and on seeing pictures, I realised I had eaten it before. Now, put off the heat and add the ground Ogbono into the hot oil. my Ogbono sometimes doesn't draw and does not come out Heavy(thick). Thanks for the tip, never you cover your pot of ogbono soup, either when cooking it,or when warming it. We love bread toast a lot but need other ideas other than sardine n tomatoes sandwish. 5. varieties,that’s what most ladies fail to realise,don’t just feed your It was great!!! Uh lala the soup taste yummy. I don't think it will dissolve well in ogbono soup.Thanks for your lovely feedback hun , well done now i can try cooking at home and stop eating outside mama pot. spread d mixture on ur bread and ur sandwich is good to go, Bravoo Madam Chy.. U just hit the point and easy for a beginner to comprehend .. lol… but jokes apart, pls. I am a Yoruba woman and as you know, we eats lots of draw soups, Ogbono is one of them. i combine with okra and stew… its super delicious with Amala. Hi Henrietta. Try any one of our four soups made from scratch! 2 cups of ogbono seeds Ogbono Soup or Draw Soup, is a popular Nigerian soup recipe made with Ogbono Seeds(wild African bush mango seeds). Keep the good work sis. I am SO proud of myself. my honey boy loves ogbono soup alot. Some people will also tell you that it is because you covered the pot, but that has been proven to not really affect it much. First, Evri tribe has good food but tell me which you've enjoyed more than onunu and fish soup, starch n oghwo/banga, kekefiyai, ukhodo, ofe akwu, ofe nsala, polofiyai, native soup, all garnished with sea foods, not to talk of popular snacks of bole with fish/okazi, okpa, banga rice, jampie, e.t.c. Just finished reading. Chy, u are one in a million. Could become a staple recipe in vegetarian or meat-loving households! I rily nid help here. Cnt wait to cook ofe Akwu for him cos I haven’t cooked it for him since we met. Finally, here is my favorite Nigerian soup. She attended Teko, Tantua and finally Montessori international School Port Harcourt for her Primary education. Stir and add the shredded spinach or ugu (fluted pumpkin leaves). I just cook a delicious ogbolo soup mixed with okra today, it’s the first time I cook ogbolo soup, very delicious. ponmo,can’t wait to try it with assorted meat.I’m yoruba but I love And don’t forget to check your email and confirm your subscription. Input your search keywords and press Enter. * Nigerian Pepper Soup That's what we are told, but it has been tried and tested and it's not really true dearie. a. plate add plenty oil and stir while. The Ogoni Tribe doesn’t have a lot of political influence with the majority-Muslim government, but their land has oil. I just got a copy of the ultimate Nigerian cookbook. I love this soup too. i love Ogbono soup. This is just different parts of a cow, from the intestine to the tripe (shaki), kidney, liver, heart and also red meat (beef). Ogbono soup also called Apon is another delicious Nigerian soup. So you can go ahead and experiment wildly! © All Nigerian Foods. Thank so much for this recipe, but pls you have not answer my question on bitter leaf soup. Ingredients for making fisherman soup. My area of concern has always bn d startn.i put d oil into d pot first, let it loosen up nd den I put n d grind ogbono to fry after which I put n d stock water nd all oda sorts but only to realize dat d elasticity m awaitnisnt forth comn. this ogbono is not red in colour, maybe the one you saw has too much oil in it. However, in my case, I don’t completely cover the pot, just half way. Nice recipe…actually am always scared to cook ogbono cos d first time I tried it, it was a disaster nd since den I never liked it but this time am going to make my own ogbono with your own style….great job. Please I would love to see your comments below; how do you eat Ogbono soup? This soup is very easy to prepare, you can grind/blend ogbono seeds with a blender or hand grinding machine. It’s nice but in this very video, there was no where pepper was added to the soup. Please can i mix ugwu and uzazi leaves with the ogbonna. Whats the question about, thanks for your comment. Most French onion soup recipes call for beef stock, but substituting mushroom broth instead creates a surprisingly rich soup, full on flavor - without the meat. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Parboil your meat the normal way, with all the necessary ingredients (2 seasoning cubes, a teaspoon of salt, onions, a teaspoon of your favorite beef spice). Other articles where Ogoni is discussed: Ken Saro-Wiwa: …to the causes of the Ogoni, a minority ethnic group that numbered about 500,000 people. Ogbono Soup is one of the easiest Nigerian soups to prepare- I keep it real simple in this recipe and I know you will enjoy it if you try it out! Wash the dried fish and stockfish and set aside. I dissovle ♍Ɣ ogbone in warm palm oil how abt dat, wen will dawadawa(okpei) b added to d soup. Ogbono soup is usually served hot with any Nigerian bolus meal, such as Eba, Fufu, Pounded Yam, Tuwo Masara, Wheat meal or Semolina…Enjoy! Add water to the meat after about ten minutes and cook till it 3. * How to Cook Afang Soup Thank you I learn something today my husband like ogbolo very well. We make more of this soup than any other Nigerian soup. Add salt and pepper to taste, add another seasoning cube, add the ground ogbono seeds, stir and cook for another five minutes. Add the washed dry fish and stockfish, 250ml of palm oil, ground crayfish. Whether as the main ingredient or as a complimentary flavor source, onions and soup go hand-in-hand. Keep it up. Can I cover the soup after pouring d ogbono? Cook until tender. Add the vegetables (bitter leaves or flute pumpkin). Just tried it wonderful i am so happy tht i did it even hubby was si happy we dis it together following Ur own wat, I ve never cooked ogbono in m'y life my hubby always do the cooking wen it comes to 9ija soupe coz i am not from 9ija but like to learn .so its been a wk i sais to mystère lf enough is enough i sent on all the sites checkin .hubby wasnt convinced i can do it .so he did all the grinding n i did the cooking but he never let my side he funny part of it is he kept asking so wat nextt n now wat do we do coz i was following ur method .guess wat the soup is yammlycious even hubby surrenderd i am so happy n proud of myself .thank u sooo sooo Much iam looking forward to make more soups.i woulent have done it wthout ur guidlines, Aww, you just made my day with your lovely feedback.Keep me updated on any other soups you cook.Keep it up dearie . Can some one use dry pepper or cameroon pepper in cooking the ogbona? 2) Fry the cauliflower and carrots and add them on top of the cooked meat. This is perfect. This is one of the first soup, after Okra soup, given to kids when trying to introduce them to Nigerian soups. Waiting now,Thanks. It's very tasty and a great way to use up excess onions. Hello dear thanx for d recipe,but u dnt cover ogbono soup while cooking so it won't loss its elasticity. The soup usually includes mochi (rice cake), and the preparation varies by region and household. and it hardly dissolves, We just love the aroma of dawadawa, you grind it before adding it @ Akajiaku, I will give this a trial.